Alternative therapies for pain. Use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care. Greater opportunity for the treatment of patients with stroke. These are some of the innovations that will improve the healing process, Medial Equipment and transform medical care in the year 2019, according to a distinguished panel of doctors and researchers. Cleveland Clinic announced the 10 Best Medical Innovations of 2019 in a multimedia presentation to culminate the 2018 Medical Innovation Summit.
Here are the 10 best medical innovations of 2019:
1. Alternative pain therapy: Combat the opioid crisis
The opioid crisis has been declared a public health emergency. Nowadays, chronic pain is the primary cause of the prescription of opioids. Although there are several clinically validated alternative therapies for chronic pain, none has reduced the crisis. Now, innovation and the potential for hope come from pharmacogenomic testing, which uses a patient’s genetic makeup to predict the metabolism of drugs in a person, even if it is an opioid-based drug. Pharmacogenomic tests can be used to avoid adverse reactions and eliminate unnecessary and ineffective prescriptions, replacing them with more effective medications. In 2019, with increased access to genetic testing, pharmacogenomics is ready to make significant advances in precision medicine and, potentially, end the crisis.
2. The advent of AI in health care
Artificial intelligence (AI), once considered a futuristic threat to humanity, is now part of everyday life. In health care, the AI is changing the game with its applications to support decisions, for image analysis and classification or triage of patients. Today, artificial intelligence is helping doctors make smarter decisions at the care site by improving the ease and accuracy of viewing patient tomographies and reducing the exhaustion of physicians. With the continued integration of AI into health care, patient care is no longer a matter of working more, but more intelligently.
3. Greater opportunity for intervention in cases of acute stroke
When it comes to intervention in a stroke case, responding on time is critical. The prolonged lack of blood circulation after a stroke can cause irreversible destruction, which often results in a disability. In many cases of stroke, intervention methods can be implemented to save tissue. But so far, the intervention in a stroke has only been recommended within a limited period. Last year in 2018, new guidelines were released that suggested a longer time limit for treatment. It is anticipated that this long period will reduce the risk of disability and provide the opportunity for recovery of stroke patients in the future.
4. Advances in immunotherapy for the treatment of cancer
Immunotherapy against cancer, or biological therapy, is a technique that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer. While immunotherapies against cancer have existed for Advances in immunotherapy for the treatment of cancer. Immunotherapy is a technique that uses the body’s immune system to fight cancer. While immunotherapies against cancer have existed for some time, work on a global scale to cure cancer continues to highlight new and novel immunotherapeutic targets. Scientists are creating new cancer treatments that change lives through the concepts of joint therapy and manipulation of T lymphocytes. With the almost daily discovery of new immunotherapeutic targets and biomarkers, it is a hope that effective therapies for all types of tumors will soon be available.
5. Specific products for the patient obtained with 3D printers
Using 3D printing technology, medical devices can now be adapted to the exact specifications of a patient. Designed to be more compatible with the natural anatomy of an individual, devices modeled from specific patient dimensions are better accepted by the body, with better comfort and performance results. The versatility provided by 3D printing gives physicians the ability to provide patients with the most advanced care while minimizing the risk of complications. Currently, the most critical work in this field includes external prostheses, cranial/orthopedic implants and customized tracheobronchial prostheses for diseases that narrow the respiratory tract.
Work on prosthetics and other body implants is also gaining speed, and some have already been authorized for the commercial market. It has been found that this technology is also useful in surgical planning. With its increasingly broad applications in health care, 3D printing is increasing the attention to detail in patient care.
6. Virtual and mixed reality (VR / MR) for medical education
Virtual and mixed reality involves the use of computer technology to create simulated and hybrid environments. Popular for its applications in games, its virtual and blended reality, with its futuristic effect, never fails to dazzle audiences. But VR / MR technology is much more than a game. These reality systems have recently attracted the attention of health professionals who want to improve their skills.
Now VR / MR programs are accessible for medical education, as they provide simulation training to improve the traditional medical school. With this immersive learning style, VR / MR training attracts all types of students: audio, visual and kinesthetic. Education through simulation is a productive step to have the healthiest and safest healthcare providers in the system including state-of-the-art medical equipment repair solutions.
7. Visor to diagnose strokes before being hospitalized
Although less common than ischemic strokes, hemorrhagic strokes – during which blood escapes from a blood vessel that ruptures in the brain – are responsible for nearly 40 percent of stroke deaths. Rapid diagnosis is necessary for effective treatment since uncontrolled bleeding can cause inflammation and damage to the brain. To accelerate the diagnosis, health care professionals are using new and advanced technologies, such as the hemorrhage exploration visor, which can detect bleeding in the brain.
8. Innovation in robotic surgery
Most surgeries performed today are the shortest and least invasive that science will allow. This adaptation in surgical methodology is due in part to the integration of robotics. The robots in the operating room provide surgeons with guidance for extreme precision in surgery. Nowadays, the surgical platforms are very advanced and are used anywhere, from the spine to the endovascular procedures. Shorter recovery time and less pain after surgery are just some of the benefits observed for the patient with minimally invasive robotic surgery.
9. Replacement and percutaneous repair of the mitral and tricuspid valves
Cardiac surgery today is less invasive, more routine and more effective than its historical counterpart. Percutaneously performed with a catheter through the skin; many cardiac procedures no longer require open heart surgery. Two of these procedures performed in this manner include replacement and repair of the mitral and tricuspid valves. The exploration of this technology in a larger patient population is already underway, but with promising postoperative results, innovation has considerable implications for the future of cardiac care.
10. RNA-based therapies
Like DNA-based gene therapies, RNA-based therapies are the latest innovation in laboratories across the country and have demonstrated immense potential. Interfering with genetic data at the level of ribonucleic acid (RNA) gives scientists the ability to intercept a patient’s genetic abnormality before it translates into functional (or non-functional) proteins. The most popular and successful mechanisms of RNA therapy include antisense nucleotides and RNA interference. Today, it opens window for progress and innovation in therapeutics.